English Language

QUIZ-21

(Class 6-8)
Quiz $\newcommand{\ones}{\mathbf 1}$

English Language

Directions : (Q. Nos. 1-8) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.

Peoples' faces light up when I say I taste chocolate living, but it is not always delicious. I also have to taste defective chocolate, which might have a bitter or flavor. I'm usually in a small room, not allowed to and parked in front of a computer to log information. Sometimes the room has red lighting to disguise the appearance of the chocolate, so I can evaluate it only by taste, not appearance. I can sample as many as 30 chocolates per day, so as to keep my palate active, I spit the sweets back out. That's another not-so-glamorous part of the job. Between samples, I wait 30 seconds to let my senses rest and I chew half an unsalted cracker biscuit and drink plain warm water, as carbonated water and ice numb one's senses.

First I smell the chocolate and log its aroma. I also listen; if chocolate doesn't sound crisp when broken, it may be a sign it's old or was improperly stored. Then I place one inch bit in my mouth and leave it there for a few seconds. I press it against my palate and let it melt, recording the four basic tastes-sweet, sour, bitter and salty. Then, I blow out short puffs of air through my nose.

Certain sense receptors in the back of our head are stimulated by oxygen. They allow us to smell food when we chew. Exhaling sharply can bring out aromas like berry, mushroom, tea, citrus, beeswax, toast cinnamon, and savoury spices that are sometimes too subtle for the nose to catch. I log these attributes, too, along with the texture.

1. People get surprised when the narrator tells them that he
  1. has to eat bitter chocolate
    Incorrect.
  2. has to work in a small room
    Incorrect.
  3. is a chocolate taster
    Correct! People get surprised when the narrator says that he tastes chocolate for a living. This opening sentence is the correct answer of the question which is referred at option (c) which reads is a chocolate taster. Other options are wrong.
  4. has to work under red light
    Incorrect.

2. There is no glamour in his job as
  1. his place of work is narrow
    Correct! The narrator has to taste as many as 30 chocolates per day but he has to spit sweets back out and that another not so glamorous part of the job. Hence this statement of the narrator confirms that only option (a) is the right answer of the question. Other three options are wrong
  2. he never ate burnt chocolate
    Incorrect.
  3. he has to blow out short puffs
    Incorrect.
  4. he keeps on spitting out chocolate
    Incorrect.

3. The narrator cannot eat and enjoy the chocolate
  1. to keep his palate active
    Correct! The narrator cannot eat and enjoy the chocolate as he has to keep his palate active. This statement of the narrator confirms that only option (a) is the right answer of the question.
  2. as it has a burnt flavour
    Incorrect.
  3. as it has not been stored properly
    Incorrect.
  4. as it is defective
    Incorrect.

4. The process of chocolate tasting runs in the order............. and again smelling
  1. smelling, breaking, listening, melting
    Correct! The process of chocolate tasting runs in the order of smelling, breaking, listening and melting These are the four process clearly indicated in the passage others options gives wrong sequence of the process.
  2. melting, listening, breaking, smelling
    Incorrect.
  3. breaking, smelling, listening, melting
    Incorrect.
  4. breaking, listening, smelling, melting
    Incorrect.

5. "Leave it there."

When the above sentence is changed into passive voice, it becomes
  1. It was left there
    Incorrect.
  2. Let it be left there
    Correct! The meaning of the clause leave it there means to let it be left there as is indicated in the option (b). Other options gives wrong inference of question.
  3. Let it was left there
    Incorrect.
  4. It is left there
    Incorrect.

6. "Peoples' faces light up....... . The word light here is a/an
  1. verb
    Correct! The word light up in the sentence is a plural verb used with plural noun people, hence option (a) is the right answer. A verb always comes after.
  2. adjective
    Incorrect.
  3. adverb
    Incorrect.
  4. noun
    Incorrect.

7. The word 'parked' (Para 1) means
  1. operated
    Incorrect.
  2. seated
    Correct! The word 'parked' use in Para means 'seated as given in the option (b). It is clear from the reference parked in front of a computer" confirms this answer.
  3. ran
    Incorrect.
  4. managed
    Incorrect.

8. The word 'log' (Para 2) means
  1. cut
    Incorrect.
  2. enjoy
    Incorrect.
  3. taste
    Incorrect.
  4. record
    Correct! The word log use in the passage means to enter data in computer and it later turns into 'record So, option (d) record is the precise answer of the question

Directions (Q. Nos. 9-23) Answer the following questions by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.

9. A speech community refers to a group of people who
  1. are bilingual
    Incorrect.
  2. share community membership and linguistic communication
    Incorrect.
  3. share homogeneity with reference to their system
    Correct! A speech community refers to a group of people who share homogeneity with reference to their value system. Hence out of four options only option (c) is correct. Other options gives wrong inference of it
  4. are multilingual
    Incorrect.

10. Activating learners' scheme means
  1. making a link between the topic and learners' knowledge and experience
    Correct! Activating learners scheme means making a link between the topic and learners background knowledge and experience. Hence out of four options only option (a) is the right choice. Other options give wrong interpretation of the question.
  2. making a link between the textbook and its patterns and grammatical items
    Incorrect.
  3. dealing with learners having learning difficulties
    Incorrect.
  4. showing a picture and asking learners to write story
    Incorrect.

11. As per Noam Chomsky's theory, the role of Language Acquisition Device (LAD) is to
  1. generate grammar rules
    Incorrect.
  2. memories grammar rules
    Incorrect.
  3. learn languages in formal schools
    Correct! Noam Chomsky theory the role of Language Acquisition Device (LAD) is related to imitate the language of adults. Hence option (d) gives the precise answer of this question. Other options are wrong.
  4. imitate the language of adults
    Incorrect.

12. Prediction in terms of reading refers to
  1. using knowledge of subject matter for guessin content and vocabulary
    Incorrect.
  2. paraphrasing
    Incorrect.
  3. previewing
    Incorrect.
  4. using prior knowledge of the subject and the in the text as clues to the meanings of words
    Correct! Prediction in terms of reading means using prior knowledge of the subject and the ideas in text as clues to the meanings of unknown words. Hence option (d) is the accurate answer and other options give wrong meaning of it.

13. Diphthongs Are also known as
  1. semi-vowels
    Incorrect.
  2. pure vowels
    Incorrect.
  3. vowels with weak sounds
    Incorrect.
  4. glide vowels
    Correct! A diphthongs is a word which is a complex vowel sound that begins with the sound of one vowel and ends with sound of another vowel in the same syllable as ae, au, ou, hence option (d) glide vowel is the right answer.

14. Yasmin, an English language teacher, gave her students group work to explore an area and asked them to find important notices and names of places and streets to document them to write a report This activity is known as
  1. assignment
    Incorrect.
  2. activity based learning
    Correct! The activity of selecting a group of student and assign them to explore it and final important notices and names of places and streets to document them and make a report is called "the activity based learning" which is indicated in option (b).
  3. peer work
    Incorrect.
  4. project work
    Incorrect.

15. Mrudusrnita, while teaching a lesson on atoms from the science textbook, gave her students activities based on the theme. The activities included vocabulary and debate on the uses of atomic energy. What is this strategy known as?
  1. Language across curriculum
    Correct! The activity based on theme including vocabulary and debate on a subject as a strategy known as "Language across curriculum". Hence option (a) is right
  2. Language in other subjects
    Incorrect.
  3. Language in science
    Incorrect.
  4. Language through science
    Incorrect.

16. While listening to a speech in English, sometimes we listen to basic unit of a sound, a syllable and a word, then a sentence and then a paragraph to decode the meaning of the complete speech. This mental process can be described as
  1. Bottom up approach
    Incorrect.
  2. Middle-path approach
    Correct! The mental process of listening to a basic unit of a sound a syllable and word then a sentence and then a paragraph to decode the meaning of the complete speech is known as "Middle-path approach. Hence option (b) is the right answer of the question.
  3. Interactive model
    Incorrect.
  4. Top-down approach
    Incorrect.

17. In free writing, a learner is engaged in
  1. writing sentences without applying her/his mind
    Incorrect.
  2. expressing ideas without giving much attention spelling and grammar
    Correct! The free writing means expressing idea without giving much attention to spelling and grammar. This answer is indicated at option (b). Hence it is the only correct answer.
  3. listing out the things she/he has just memorized
    Incorrect.
  4. writing with specific relation to spelling and grammar
    Incorrect.

18. Susheela discussed a short story in the classroom and asked her students to write an article for a newspaper on the theme of the story. What is the writing known as?
  1. Long answer
    Incorrect.
  2. Short essay
    Incorrect.
  3. Writing for a newspaper
    Incorrect.
  4. extrapolative writing
    Correct! Discussing a short story and asking students to write an article for a news paper on the theme of the story is known as extrapolative writing. This answer is indicated at option (d) which is the only suitable answer. Other options give wrong meaning.

19. A question tag is also known as a
  1. tail question
    Correct! A question tag takes only two words first the tense or Auxiliary verb and subject and if the sentence is in affirmative the question tag will be in negative or vice versa as it is used at the end of the sentence, it is also quoted as tail question. This answer is marked at option (a)
  2. descriptive question
    Incorrect.
  3. critical question
    Incorrect.
  4. head question
    Incorrect.

20. Mind-mapping helps the students to
  1. use literary devices more effectively in their writing
    Incorrect.
  2. brainstorm, explore any idea and expand it
    Correct! Mind-mapping means brainstorm exploring any idea and expanding it. This answer is marked at option (b) which is the only suitable answer of it. Other options give wrong inference.
  3. learn passively each of the linguistic items
    Incorrect.
  4. memories the grammar rules
    Incorrect.

21. Grammatical structures can be practiced in a controlled manner by
  1. correcting wrong sentences written by the learners
    Incorrect.
  2. doing composition exercise
    Incorrect.
  3. explaining the use of particular structures
    Correct! Grammatical structures can be practiced in a controlled manner by detailing the use of particular structures. This answer is clearly indicated in option (c) which is the only right answer.
  4. gap-filling grammar exercise
    Incorrect.

22. Interactive listening means listening
  1. carefully for word stress and intonation
    Incorrect.
  2. to judge the speaker's mood and tone
    Correct! Interactive listening indicates the understanding of speaker's mood and tone. This answer is clearly interpreted in option (b) to judge the speaker's mood and tone which is the only judicious answer. Other options are wrong
  3. carefully to what is said and responding
    Incorrect.
  4. curiously to what is said
    Incorrect.

23. Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation of learner is
  1. periodic assessment of learning
    Correct! Continuous and Comprehensive evaluation of learner is applied for estimating the learning of the student. This is clearly indicated in option (a) periodic assessment of learning. The other options give wrong answer
  2. periodic assessment of teaching
    Incorrect.
  3. continuous tests and assignments
    Incorrect.
  4. conducting continuous tests
    Incorrect.

Directions (Q. Nos. 24-30) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.

The Kittur Fort- One can see today only the dilapidated walls and ruins of the great fort which was once known for its strength. The most important landmark as one goes towards the fort is the 'Bahadurgad'. Situated to the South-West of the fort and outside of it, on a natural hillock, the highest in the plain, the 'Bahadurgad', which was the watchtower, provides a most, panoramic and commanding view of the sparsely wooded surroundings region of green grassland, fading, as if gradually into soft contoured hills in the West and the horizons on the other sides. To the North of the tower is 'Ranagattikere' where Rani Chennamma fought her last stubborn fight against the British, with almost savage determination.

The actual fort, circular in plan, consisted of double walls, separated by moats on the outer sides, with semi circular bastions on the exterior of the outer wall. It had originally the main gateway on the East, approached by the causeway across the outer moat known as ane honda which was used for bathing the elephants. The entrances through the walls are deliberately not aligned, evidently in the interests of security. After passing by the winding path through the walls, one is led to the front side of the imposing main entrance of the palace located near the Northern arc of the inner fort wall.

To the South of the palace, inside the fort, are the ruins of horse-stables and foundations of residential buildings, probably meant for the important officials of the palace. To the South-West is the heavily built watchtower relieved by a series of parallel buttresses at regular intervals.

24. Which one of the following statements is true?
  1. From it, one can enjoy a view of the hills in the East
    Incorrect.
  2. It was used as a watchtower
    Correct! Going through the passage carefully reveals that it (Bahadurgad) is a watchtower, that provides a most panoramic and commanding view of sparsely wooded surrounding region of grassland. It is stated at 7th line. Hence option (b) It was used as a watchtower. So, it is the only correct answer, other options are wrong
  3. Rani Chennamma rules Kittur from here
    Incorrect.
  4. Bahadurgad is situated inside the Kittur Fort
    Incorrect.

25. Rani Chennamma fought against the British
  1. in the contoured hills
    Incorrect.
  2. at Ranagattikere
    Correct! The correct answer of the question is option (b) "At Ranagattikere against the British" It is clearly stated at twelfth line "To the North of the tower is Ranagattikere where Rani Chennamma fought her last stubborn fight against the British." Other options are wrong.
  3. in Bahadurgad Fort
    Incorrect.
  4. in the wooded grasslands
    Incorrect.

26. From Bahadurgarh, one could easily get
  1. to see tall rugged hills in the West
    Incorrect.
  2. a look at green grasslands
    Correct! The correct answer of the question is option (b) "a look at green grasslands". It is clearly mentioned at seventh line "The watchtower provides a most panoramic and commanding view of sparsely wooded surrounding region of green grassland." Other options are wrong.
  3. to see a natural hillock
    Incorrect.
  4. a commanding view of a dense forest
    Incorrect.

27. Unaligned gates in the walls
  1. make the fort secure
    Correct! The correct answer of the question is option (a) make the fort secure. It is shown in the beginning of the third Para " The entrances through the walls are deliberately not aligned, evidently in the interests of security". The other options give wrong answer.
  2. make the fort insecure
    Incorrect.
  3. make the walls look imposing
    Incorrect.
  4. make the entry easy
    Incorrect.

28. "...... as one goes towards ......." 'one' in the above clause is a/an
  1. verb
    Incorrect.
  2. Pronoun
    Correct! The answer of this question is option (b) 'one' is a pronoun, because one is used in place of a noun i.e. noun and the word that substitutes a noun is called a pronoun.
  3. adjective
    Incorrect.
  4. noun
    Incorrect.

29. "....... and commanding view of......... ." 'commanding' in the above phrase is a/an
  1. verb
    Incorrect.
  2. adjective
    Correct! The precise answer of the question is option (b) 'commanding' is an adjective as it gives a specialty of the noun view. The word that indicates the quality of subject is called an Adjective.
  3. adverb
    Incorrect.
  4. noun
    Incorrect.

30. The word 'Landmark' means the same as
  1. adventure
    Incorrect.
  2. hill
    Incorrect.
  3. plain
    Incorrect.
  4. marker
    Correct! The accurate answer of this question is option (d). 'Landmark is the synonym of option (d) marker that gives the same meaning. Other options are not correct Ans: (d)

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