English Language

QUIZ-20

(Class 6-8)
Quiz $\newcommand{\ones}{\mathbf 1}$

English Language

Directions : (Q. Nos. 1-7) Read the passage given below and answer the question that follow by selecting the correct/most appropriate options-

Where does all our garbage disappear once it leaves our homes? There are four methods of managing waste: recycling. landfilling, composting and burning. Each method has its strengths and weaknesses.

Recycling is the process of turning waste into new materials. For example, used paper can be turned into paperboard, which can be used to make book covers. Recycling can reduce pollution, save materials and lower energy use. Some argue that collecting, processing and converting waste uses more than it saves.

Landfilling is the oldest method of managing waste. Landfilling is to bury garbage in a hole. Over a period of time the process of landfilling has advanced. Garbage is compacted before it is thrown into the pit. In this way garbage can fit in each landfill. Large garbage bags are placed at the bottom of a landfill, so that toxic garbage juice does not get into the groundwater. But in spite of the bags, landfills may pollute the underground water. Not to mention that all garbage stinks. Nobody wants to live next to a landfill.

As landfill space increases, interest in composting grows. Composting is when people pile up organic matter such as food waste and allow it to decompose. The product of his decomposition is compost. Compost can be added to the soil to make the soil richer and better for growing crops.

One thing that is easier to do is burning garbage. There are two main ways to burn waste. The first is to harvest fuel from the waste. The second is to burn the waste directly, the heat from this burning process can boil water, which can power steam generators Unfortunately, burning garbage pollutes the air.

1. Compacting of garbage is done to
  1. protect ground water
    Incorrect.
  2. avoid soil pollution
    Incorrect.
  3. remove the stink
    Incorrect.
  4. save space
    Correct! Second line of this passage clearly express the view to managing garbage. So the purpose of managing garbage is to save space. Hence option (d) save space is correct.

2. ".the process of turning waste...... The word 'turning' is a/an
  1. noun
    Incorrect.
  2. participle
    Correct! Here word 'turning' is used as participle. Because it is used antecedent of noun waste. The word 'turning' qualifies the noun as an adjective does. Hence option (b) is correct. Participle: Participle is a word which is partly a verb and partly an adjective.
  3. verb
    Incorrect.
  4. adjective
    Incorrect.

3. There are two main ways to burn waste The underlined word is a
  1. noun
    Correct! Here word 'waste' is used as a material noun. Hence option (a) is correct.
  2. gerund
    Incorrect.
  3. verb
    Incorrect.
  4. participle
    Incorrect.

4. Garbage recycling
  1. saves a lot of energy
    Incorrect.
  2. uses more energy than it saves
    Correct! Second para's fourth line clearly proves that Garbage recycling uses more energy than it saves Hence option (b) is correct.
  3. saves only a little energy
    Incorrect.
  4. wastes a lot of energy
    Incorrect.

5. Consider the following statements.

A. Landfilling does not allow water and air pollution.

B. Composting is better than landfilling

Which of the above statements is/are true?
  1. Only A
    Incorrect.
  2. Both A and B
    Incorrect.
  3. Only B
    Correct! If we examine the statement A and B and analysis Para III and IV we find that in comparison composting is better than landfilling because Para IV make it clear that landfill space increase. Hence option (c) is correct.
  4. Neither A nor
    Incorrect.

6. It is safe to dispose of garbage through
  1. recycling and burning
    Incorrect.
  2. burning and landfilling
    Incorrect.
  3. composting and burning
    Incorrect.
  4. recycling and composting
    Correct! Burning and landfilling increase many types of pollution whether recycling and composting reduce pollution so recycling and composting is safe to dispose of garbage.

7. Consider the following statements. A. We do not use any energy in the process of composting B. Burning can be a source of energy. Which of the above statements is/are true?
  1. Both A and B
    Correct! After the close study of this passage Para IV and V we find that both statement are applicable. Hence option (a) is correct.
  2. Only B
    Incorrect.
  3. Neither A nor B
    Incorrect.
  4. Only A
    Incorrect.

Directions (Q.8-22) Answer the following questions by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.

A teacher of Class VII while teaching the poem, 8. The Solitary Reaper by William Wordsworth asks children to find how the last words of each line sound. What is she trying to draw the attention of learners to?
  1. Spelling of words
    Incorrect.
  2. Theme of the poem
    Incorrect.
  3. Rhyme scheme
    Correct! Last word of each line of poetry, teacher is trying to draw the attention of learner to Rhyme scheme. In English versification, standard rhyme consist of the repetition, in the rhyming word of the last stressed vowel and of all the speech sounds. Hence option (c) is correct.
  4. Vocabulary
    Incorrect.

9. To help the students overcome the problems of spelling mistakes, the teacher will use.... as the teaching strategy.
  1. brainstorming
    Incorrect.
  2. pronunciation drill
    Incorrect.
  3. loud reading
    Incorrect.
  4. dictation
    Correct! Dictation is a teaching method. It is a test in which students write down what is being read to them or the act of speaking or reading so that somebody can write down the words. By this method teacher help the students the problem of spelling mistake. Hence option (d) is correct

10. Grammar translation method of teaching English heavily relies on
  1. meaning focused teaching
    Incorrect.
  2. form-focused teaching
    Correct! Grammar Translation method is very much based on the written word and texts are widely in evidence. A typical approach would be to present the rules of a particular item of grammar. So this method of teaching English heavily relies on form focused teaching. Hence option (b) is correct.
  3. direct teaching as a strategy for learning
    Incorrect.
  4. language use as the main focus
    Incorrect.

11. Language proficiency refers to

A. fluency
B. accuracy
C. appropriateness
D. efficiency

Which of the above are true?
  1. A, B and C
    Incorrect.
  2. A, B and D
    Incorrect.
  3. B, C and D
    Incorrect.
  4. A, C and D
    Correct! Language proficiency or linguistic is the ability of an individual to speak or perform in an acquired language. Additionally fluency, efficiency appropriateness are generally recognized as being related as theories among pedagogues. Hence option (d) is correct.

12. Written description of a child's progress that a teacher keeps on a day-to-day basis is
  1. anecdotal record
    Correct! Anecdotal record refers to a personal account of an event. So option (a) is correct answer for written description of a child's progress that a teacher keeps on a day-to-day. Hence option (a) is correct.
  2. rubric
    Incorrect.
  3. portfolio
    Incorrect.
  4. rating scale
    Incorrect.

13. A teacher of Class VI in a writing assessment task asked students to write on If I were famous for something...." This is assessment of a/an.... answer.
  1. extrapolative
    Incorrect.
  2. narrative
    Incorrect.
  3. factual
    Incorrect.
  4. descriptive
    Correct! In present question writing assessment task is based on personal or particular predictive event. This assessment clearly refer descriptive technique because in descriptive technique a spoken or written account of a person, object or event is mentioned. Hence option (d) is correct.

14. A good language textbook should

A. contain learner-centred materials.
B. contain teacher-friendly instruction and content-related materials.
C. incorporate language skills throughout.
D. have more syntactical items in its content.

Which of the above are true?
  1. A, B, and C
    Incorrect.
  2. B, C and D
    Incorrect.
  3. A, B and D
    Correct! Option (c) is related to language skill that is not a characteristic of a good language text book so except this potion all other option (a), (b) and (d) satisfies the answer. Hence option (C) is correct.
  4. A, C and D
    Incorrect.

15. Kavya notes down the errors committed by learners of the class and discusses them once in a fortnight. What is this practice known as?
  1. Evaluation
    Correct! Errors committed by learners of the class and discuss them once in a fortnight this practice is known as evaluation because evaluation refers to form an opinion of the value or quality of something after thinking about it carefully. This act is done by Kavya. Hence option (a) is correct.
  2. Providing feedback
    Incorrect.
  3. Assessment
    Incorrect.
  4. Error correction
    Incorrect.

16. When children are introduced to English as a second language
  1. they should begin with letters of alphabet
    Correct! There are four skills to learn foreign language. Listening, Writing, Reading and Speaking. Listening occupies first place among the four skill. But this skill is not mentioned in the option. Option (a) They should begin with letters of alphabet.
  2. they should read first
    Incorrect.
  3. they should be exposed to language orally
    Incorrect.
  4. they should begin writing first
    Incorrect.

17. Eclecticism in language teaching refers to using
  1. appropriate strategies from various methods of
    Correct! In Eclectic approach teacher following one specific methodology, the elective approach is the label given to a teacher's use of techniques and activities from a range of language teaching approaches and methodologies. So option (a) satisfies above fact. Hence option (a) is correct
  2. all the methods to teach language
    Incorrect.
  3. the best method of teaching
    Incorrect.
  4. technology to teach language
    Incorrect.

18. Which of the following approaches/methods advocates linguistic competence and performance?
  1. Grammar translation method
    Incorrect.
  2. Communicative approach
    Correct! Communicative approach advocates linguistic competence and performance The communicative approach emphasize interaction and problem solving as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning language. Hence option (b) is correct.
  3. Direct method
    Incorrect.
  4. Structural approach
    Incorrect.

19. Global listening is not listening
  1. without being constrained by preset questions tasks
    Incorrect.
  2. for specific information
    Correct! Global listening is not listening for specific information. Global listening is that which a student needs to understand the central point of a lecture or long text. Hence option (b) is correct.
  3. at different levels of comprehension
    Incorrect.
  4. for improving recognition of spoken text
    Incorrect.

20. Which of the following activities needs to be taken care of for helping non-native speakers to produce the sounds of the target language?
  1. Imitating the way a native speaker produces sounds
    Incorrect.
  2. Distinguishing the vowel from consonant sounds
    Incorrect.
  3. Ensuring that the words spoken are intelligible others
    Incorrect.
  4. Maintaining the regional interference
    Correct! Maintaining the regional interference activities needs to be taken care of for helping non native speakers to produce the sounds of the target language. Hence option (d) is correct.

21. The concept of transformative generative grammar was given by
  1. Ferdinand Saussure
    Incorrect.
  2. Bruner
    Incorrect.
  3. Noam Chomsky
    Correct! The concept of transformative generative grammar was given by - Noam Chomsky.Avrom Noam Chomsky is an American linguistic, philosopher and political activist. Hence option (c) is correct.
  4. Piaget
    Incorrect.

22. Tail question also refers to
  1. question tag
    Correct! Tail question also refers to question tag. Question tag is an expression like do you? or isn't it? sentence. consisting of an auxiliary verb, put on the end of a Hence option (a) is correct.
  2. follow-up question
    Incorrect.
  3. insignificant question
    Incorrect.
  4. most important question
    Incorrect.

Directions Q. Nos. 23-30) Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.

Although India has a traditional of women warriors, participation in the Salt Satyagraha was their excitement at the enormity of the in any modern militant political campaign and I could hardly suppress my excitement at the enormity of the occasion and my own Good fortune to be amongst the first. As I attached my name to the pledge to devote myself to my country's freedom battle, my hand shook a little under my tumultuous emotions. It seemed such a stupendous moment in my life, in the life of the women of my country. I felt I was tracing not the letters of my name, but recording a historic event. There was not much time for thought, however. The next instant we were filing out, taking the road to the sea, marching with quick steps. Great sky-rending cries or Jai' filled the air Heavy-scented flower garlands almost smothered us From the balconies and roofs unseen hands showered rose-petals until the road became a carpet of flowers. Often our march was stopped and bright-eyed women sprinkled rose water from silver sprays, tipped our palms with sandalwood paste and perfume and blessed us waving lights round our heads and faces for good omen.

The long narrow strip of sand that borders the city like a white ribbon was transformed this morning into another sea. A sea of human faces that swayed and danced and bobbed about even as did the deep azure waves that rimmed the shere. The city seemed to have disgorged almost its entire population onto the sands. It was not the struggling batch of seven that was breaking the Salt Law, but hundreds and thousands not filling the water's edge. And still they kept coming, thousands of women amongst them striding like proud warriors. gracefully balancing their pitchers of maroon-red earth and shimmering brass that scattered a thousand hues as the sunrays struck them. Even as I lit my little fire to boil the saltwater, I saw thousands of fires aflame dancing in he wind. The copper pans sizzled in laughter while their bosoms traced the white grains of salt as the heat lapped up the last drop of water.

23. Women lighted their little fires on the seashore to
  1. protect themselves from cold
    Incorrect.
  2. make the tea and drink it to overcome their fatigue
    Incorrect.
  3. boil seawater to make salt
    Correct! Last 4 line of the passage express that Women lighted their little fire to boil seawater to make salt on the seashore to make salt on the seashore. Hence option (C) is correct.
  4. express their anger against the British
    Incorrect.

24. The word which nearly means the same as 'stupendous' is
  1. crucial
    Incorrect.
  2. wonderful
    Correct! Synonyms of the word Stupendous is given in option (b) 'wonderful' that is correct. All other words as crucial, significant, influential are not appropriate synonyms of the above word. Hence option (b) is correct.
  3. significant
    Incorrect.
  4. influential
    Incorrect.

25. The word opposite in meaning to the word 'proud' as used in the passage is
  1. humble
    Correct! The opposite meaning of the word 'Proud is given in option (a) 'Humble that is correct. All other words as gentle, decent, fawning are not appropriate opposite of the above word.
  2. gentle
    Incorrect.
  3. decent
    Incorrect.
  4. fawning
    Incorrect.

26. Which part of speech is the underlined word in the following sentence?

"I could hardly suppress my excitement."
  1. Adverb
    Correct! Here in the present sentence "I could hardly suppress my excitement." Word hardly is used as an adverb. Adverb should be placed in a sentence to make it quite clear which word or words they are intended to modify. Here in the present sentence word hardly modifies verb suppress. Hence option (a) is correct.
  2. Pronom
    Incorrect.
  3. Adjective
    Incorrect.
  4. Conjunction
    Incorrect.

27. Participation in the Salt Satyagraha evoked in the author a feeling of
  1. pride
    Incorrect.
  2. ecstasy
    Incorrect.
  3. excitement
    Correct! First line of the present passage makes it clear I could hardly suppress my excitement at the enormity of the (Salt Satyagraha) occasion, that in the Salt Satyagraha author evoked in the feeling of excitement. Hence option (C) is correct
  4. fear
    Incorrect.

28. The author took a pledge to
  1. fight against social evils
    Incorrect.
  2. launch a literacy campaign
    Incorrect.
  3. serve the poor people of India
    Incorrect.
  4. be part of India's freedom struggle
    Correct! Second line of present passage As I attached my name to the pledge to devote myself to my countries freedom battle (India's freedom struggle) makes it clear that the author took a pledge to be part of India's freedom struggle. Hence option (d) is correct.

29. The warm welcome given to the Satyagrahis showed
  1. that the Indian people turn every event into a occasion
    Incorrect.
  2. general resentment against British exploitation the people
    Incorrect.
  3. the full support of the people for breaking the Law
    Correct! Whole passage express the fact about the warm welcome given to the Satyagrahis showed the full support of the people for breaking the law salt. Other options are not true. Hence option (c) is correct.
  4. people's hatred of the British
    Incorrect.

30. "A sea of human faces that swayed and danced means
  1. people dancing while bathing
    Incorrect.
  2. human faces resembling a sea
    Incorrect.
  3. people bathing and frolicking
    Incorrect.
  4. a large number of enthusiastic people
    Correct! As sea is expanded in a large area some human being are collected in a large area in India's freedom struggle. 'Metaphor is used in the present sentence here 'faces' refers 'human being who are enthusiastic India's freedom struggle. Hence option (d) is correct

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